Mountain Rwenzori also commonly known as the Mountain of the Moon. It is located in South-Western
Uganda on the eastern side of the Western Albertine Rift Valley. Rwenzori lies along the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The park is also located in Kabarole, Bundibugyo as well as Kasese districts.
This National Park was started in 1991 and then designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to its exceptional natural beauty. It’s about 1,000km in size and has got the third highest mountain peak in Africa. It has waterfalls, glaciers as well as lakes. It’s also known for its fantastic plant life.
Special features of Mountain Rwenzori National Park
Glacial Peaks, Snow Fields and Lakes
Mount Rwenzori National Park comprises the eastern and central half of the Rwenzori Mountains.
This mountain has several ranges and at least 6 glacial peaks. These include Mount Speke, Mount Gessi, Mount Stanley, Mount Emin Pasha, Mount Luigi da Savoia, and Mount Baker.
As already mentioned, this park has also got glaciers, waterfalls, snowfields, as well as lakes. It is considered to be Africa’s most fantastic mountain area.
Fauna and Flora
This park has over 70 animal species, 217 species of birds, 19 Albertine rift endemics plus the world’s rarest vegetation species. Its lower slopes are covered with bamboo, moorland, and the moist montane forest. There are also large tree heathers, colorful mosses, and giant lobelias that are covered throughout the mountainside with endless flowers that create charming natural scenery.
Activities Mountain Rwenzori is known for mountaineering and hiking. These activities’ destinations can take between 8-12 days for hikers to climb to the summit of Margherita. Margherita is the highest peak and is set at an elevation of 5,109 m above sea level.
Other activities that can be done at the park include nature walks at the base and lowers elevation points.