Uganda’s climate is primarily tropical, with two distinct rainy seasons occurring annually, from March to May and September to December. However, it’s important to note that the northern quarter of the country falls outside of the tropical belt and as a result, experiences only one rainy season, which runs from March to October.
The majority of Uganda falls within a humid equatorial climate zone, and factors such as topography, prevailing winds, and the presence of lakes and rivers lead to significant variations in rainfall patterns throughout the country.
The South Western region of Uganda, where the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is located, has a unique climate with average temperatures ranging between 7°c and 27°c. The forest also receives high levels of precipitation, with an annual total of up to 2390mm. It’s important to note that due to the forest’s altitude and location, temperatures can drop significantly, particularly during the morning and evening hours.
Overall, Uganda experiences moderate temperatures throughout the year, with an average of 22.8°C.
The total annual average precipitation for the country is 1,197 mm, with mean monthly precipitation varying from 39.6 mm in January to 152.7 mm in April.
These variations in temperature and precipitation provide a unique and diverse climate experience for visitors to Uganda.